In Ecuador, 55 percent of those surveyed consider that their democracy has «big problems,» according to the most recent Latinobarómetro public opinion survey in Latin America.
At the regional level, 6% consider that there is full democracy in their country, recognizing the deficiencies of this type of regime.
60% in Argentina, 56% in Peru, 55% in Ecuador, 54% in Chile and 52% in Colombia and Paraguay say that democracy in their country has big problems. Uruguay is the country with the least complaint against democracy with 19%.
As these data show, at the end of the first year of the pandemic in 2020, the fall in support for democracy that had been registered in the last decade until 2018 stops.
Indeed, between 2010 and 2018, support for democracy had fallen from 63% to 48%, and in 2020 it registered 49%.
The year 2019 ended with major protests in Chile, Colombia and Ecuador as a result of inequalities, discrimination and poverty, as well as the stagnation of the economy.
In Ecuador this ultimately leads to the alternation of power in the presidential election when the right wing wins.
In Chile it leads to the defeat of the government in the constituent elections for the Convention that draws up the Constitution cave.
In Colombia the protests continue in a pandemic.
In Peru it leads to a radical alternation that produces an abrupt change, making 16 political parties disappear, including all those that had governed in recent years.
The study was applied at the end of 2020, in 17 countries between October 26, 2020 and December 15, during the first wave of the pandemic, at the dawn of the arrival of the second wave and with the promise of arrival of the vaccine.
A total of 19,004 face-to-face interviews and 1,200 online panel interviews were recorded.
The margin of error for the national samples is 3% and the margin of error for the total base is 1%.