Ecuador ranks 86th out of 189 nations. The COVID-19 pandemic threatens to erase what has been achieved in human development, since 1990, in the world, the study warns.
The HDI is a composite measure of longevity, standard of living, and education, offering another approach to purely economic assessments of nations’ progress.
The study was prepared prior to the pandemic and the crisis caused by COVID-19 is projected to erase all the gains made in human development since the study was published in 1990.
People living in poverty went from 4.3 million to 6.4 million after three months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador, in 2020. While people in extreme poverty went from 1.5 million to 2.3 million, according to Luis Felipe López-Calva, UNDP Regional Director.
The 30th anniversary edition of the Human Development Report is called “The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene,” and it introduces an experimental variant of the HDI.
The Human Development Index, adjusted for planetary pressures (PHDI), reveals a new world picture with a more realistic perspective on human progress. For example, more than 50 countries leave the group of very high human development, as a reflection of their dependence on fossil fuels and their material footprint, said Mónica Andrade, head of Environment and Energy at UNDP in Ecuador.
In the case of our country, when the adjustment factor is applied, the HDI drops from 0.759 to 0.718; that is, a difference of 5.4%, explained Andrade